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Modelling Historical and Recent Mass Loss of McCall Glacier, Alaska, USA : Volume 1, Issue 2 (05/11/2007)

By Delcourt, C.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003977049
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 25
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Modelling Historical and Recent Mass Loss of McCall Glacier, Alaska, USA : Volume 1, Issue 2 (05/11/2007)  
Author: Delcourt, C.
Volume: Vol. 1, Issue 2
Language: English
Subject: Science, Cryosphere, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Pattyn, F., Nolan, M., & Delcourt, C. (2007). Modelling Historical and Recent Mass Loss of McCall Glacier, Alaska, USA : Volume 1, Issue 2 (05/11/2007). Retrieved from

Description: Laboratoire de Glaciologie, Département des Sciences de la Terre et de l'Environnement, Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP 160/03, Avenue F.D. Roosevelt 50, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Volume loss of valley glaciers is now considered to be a significant contribution to sea level rise. Understanding and identifying the processes involved in accelerated mass loss are necessary to determine their impact on the global system. Here we present results from a series of model experiments with a higher-order thermomechanically coupled flowline model (Pattyn, 2002). Boundary conditions to the model are parameterizations of surface mass balance, geothermal heating, observed surface and 10 m ice depth temperatures. The time-dependent experiments aim at simulating the glacier retreat from its LIA expansion to present according to different scenarios and model parameters. Model output was validated against measurements of ice velocity, ice surface elevation and terminus position at different stages. Results demonstrate that a key factor in determining the glacier retreat history is the importance of internal accumulation (>50%) in the total mass balance. The persistence of a basal temperate zone characteristic for this polythermal glacier depends largely on its contribution. Accelerated glacier retreat since the early nineties seems directly related to the increase in ELA and the sudden reduction in AAR due to the fact that a large lower elevation cirque – previously an important accumulation area – became part of the ablation zone.

Modelling historical and recent mass loss of McCall Glacier, Alaska, USA

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