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A New 1 Km Digital Elevation Model of Antarctica Derived from Combined Radar and Laser Data – Part 2: Validation and Error Estimates : Volume 2, Issue 5 (25/11/2008)

By Griggs, J. A.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003985422
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 30
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: A New 1 Km Digital Elevation Model of Antarctica Derived from Combined Radar and Laser Data – Part 2: Validation and Error Estimates : Volume 2, Issue 5 (25/11/2008)  
Author: Griggs, J. A.
Volume: Vol. 2, Issue 5
Language: English
Subject: Science, Cryosphere, Discussions
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Bamber, J. L., & Griggs, J. A. (2008). A New 1 Km Digital Elevation Model of Antarctica Derived from Combined Radar and Laser Data – Part 2: Validation and Error Estimates : Volume 2, Issue 5 (25/11/2008). Retrieved from

Description: Bristol Glaciology Centre, School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK. We have developed a new digital elevation model (DEM) of Antarctica from a combination of satellite radar and laser altimeter data. Here, we assess the accuracy of the DEM by comparison with airborne altimeter data from four campaigns covering a wide range of surface slopes and ice sheet regions. RMS differences varied from 4.84 m, when compared to a densely gridded airborne dataset over the Siple Coast region of West Antarctica to 29.28 m when compared to a more limited dataset over the Antarctic Peninsula where surface slopes are high and the across track spacing of the satellite data is relatively large. The airborne data sets were employed to produce an error map for the DEM by developing a multiple linear regression model based on the variables known to influence errors in the DEM. Errors were found to correlate highly with surface slope, roughness and density of satellite data points. Errors ranged from typically ~1 m over the ice shelves to between about 4 and 10 m for the majority of the grounded ice sheet. In the steeply sloping margins, along the Peninsula and mountain ranges the estimated error is several tens of metres. Slightly less than 7% of the area covered by the satellite data had an estimated random error greater than 20 m.

A new 1 km digital elevation model of Antarctica derived from combined radar and laser data – Part 2: Validation and error estimates

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